My 'Foundation and Concealer' Tips and Tricks

Hi Lovelies
I had this idea the other day to write up a few tips and tricks when it comes to foundation and concealer as i'm always getting questions on instagram whenever I post a photo of either one of these products. So i've come up with a few little helpful suggestions that will hopefully help in your makeup routine.

Foundation is designed to enhance your natural complexion hiding any imperfections and appear the same shade as your skin tone.

There are so many brands and shades of foundation out there it can get quite confusing, I know for sure when I started wearing foundation I didn't get the right shade for my skin tone nor the right choice of coverage for my dry skin.
I've found if you can get these four steps right you should find the right foundation for your skin

-Skin type (Dry, Oily, Normal etc)
-Skin Tone (Foundation Shade)
-Coverage (Light, Medium or Full)
-Finish (Matte, Dewy and Satin)

When it comes to getting the correct shade or a similar shade to your skin tone, the best way is to swatch foundation on your jawline or neck not your hand or face. Because when you go to apply foundation to your face you want it to match your neck- that way you won't be getting a pale face tanned neck or vice versa.

Also try finding out first if you have a Cool, Warm or a Neutral undertone...

Cool (pink, red or bluish undertones)
Warm (yellow or golden undertones) 
Neutral (a mix of warm and cool undertones)

This will also help you determine finding a shade as foundation have so many names and numbers to work out. Especially Mac Cosmetics who have letters and numbers for example 'N' is for pink undertones and 'C' is for yellow undertones then theres NC for Neutral and NW for Warm undertones. 
Whereas most brands have names like Vanilla, Beige, Caramel and every 'neutral-colour' sounding name under the sun.
*For very fair and pale skin tones if your finding that the lightest shade of a foundation is still to dark for you i'd highly recommend purchasing Mac's Face and Body foundation in White. Just mixing it in with your favourite foundation and keep adding white until you get your shade!

*For deep darker skin tones if you've been struggling to find a brand that has your skin tone definitely check out Mac, Nars, Estee Lauder and L'oreal they cater for a wide range of skin tones.

When it comes to choosing a foundation definitely take in to consideration your skin type

-Dry skin- 
For an every day foundation routine- Oil based, hydrating, dewy or satin foundations are best suited for dry skin as they need moisture and not a harsh matte foundation that will most likely dry out your skin even more! But if you are wanting to use a matte foundation that is full coverage for maybe a 'one off' night out make sure you prep your skin first- Moisturise, Prime and a refreshing water mist (Fix Plus) to keep your skin hydrated.

-Oily Skin-
 Oil free, water based, matte or cake foundations are best for oily skin as these are suited to control oils on your face. As part of your skin prep i'd also suggest using a mattifying primer that will cut down on oils as well as to set your foundation with a translucent setting powder.
If your still someone to have extra oily skin throughout the day blotting paper is a great stand by, this paper absorbs the oils on your face without removing your foundation.

-Combination Skin- 
If you have a combination of oily and dry, it can be a bit of trial and error, avoid getting a foundation that is specifically for just dry skin or just oily skin as you may experience frequent dryness or oiliness.
For combination skin  you need a foundation that hydrates the skin as well as fight oils.
Brands like Bare Minerals, Clinque, Revlon and Makeup Forever are the ones to check out for their combination skin foundations!

-Normal Skin- 
You guys are the lucky ones, you shouldn't have to much trouble with most foundations, unless you have sensitive skin then stick to a light foundation similar to what I suggested for the dry skin routine

-Mature Skin- 
Light to medium coverage is best for mature skin as you want to look youthful and natural. Try avoiding a full coverage foundation as it can emphasize lines and creases making them appear deeper and stand out- which I'm sure is the last thing you want.

-Young Skin-
 With youthful skin you most likely don't really need to be wearing a foundation, but if you have a few blemish a light foundation like Mac's Face and Body is perfect or if your starting to have a few break outs just use conceal to hide those nasties.

If your new to wearing foundation you might be wondering what all these 'finishes' and 'coverages' mean?

Dewy- Natural, Sheer, Youthful and Glowing
Satin- Natural glowing skin
Matte- Light Diffusing and Flawless

Light Coverage- Sheer, Dewy, Natural- normally you can still see your natural skin underneath.
Medium Coverage- Natural, and flawless can occasionally be buildablefor example it could be described as a medium foundation but it can also be buildable to a full coverage foundation.
Full/High Coverage- You get a very flawless look, normally is a thick matte foundation.

*Before purchasing a foundation especially if it is high end ask for a sample to try out for a few days to see if you like it or not. Also get one of the makeup artists to match you to a suitable foundation shade if your aren't sure, because the last thing you want is purchasing an expensive foundation that isn't your shade or isn't compatible with your skin type.

Concealer is designed to camouflage imperfections- Acne, breakouts, blemishes, roseas, dark under eye circles, bruises and even tattoos.

You can conceal before foundation but it is best to conceal after you have a base of foundation.
Avoid putting foundation under your eyes instead use concealer to cover dark circles or redness plus a little goes a long way when it comes to most concealers!

Use a concealer shade that is 1-2 shades lighter for under your eyes so it brightens the under eyes area and it will also make you look more awake!
Concealer can also be a good base on your lids before applying eyeshadows that will also help eyeshadow stay in place and bring out the colour.
If you want to neaten or fix up any mistake you may have drawn on your brows, applying concealer above and under the brow (like drawing an outline) will help them look nice and tidy.

To conceal any blemishes, redness or little nasty break outs try finding a concealer that is the same colour as your foundation shade.
Like I mentioned with foundation you should find out if you are Cool, Warm or a Neutral undertone so it matches or complements your skin tones. Most brands should have a foundation with a matching concealer.

You can also cream contour with concealers using the lightest shade of concealer you have to highlight and a much darker shade to contour.

Concealers I'd high recommend are-
Mac- Pro Longwear
Mac- Mineralise
Nars- Radiant Creamy Concealer
L.A. Girl- Pro Conceal
Collection- Lasting Perfection 

-Colour Correcting-
Colour correcting is applied before foundation to give your skin an even tone and neutralise colour.
... Most good concealer should cover any blemish you have but if you want that even flawless coverage colour correcting can help.
There are certain colours for certain skin tones when it comes to colour correcting which I still myself need to learn there are quite a few colours out there so I though I'd stick to the main ones that are most helpful.
Green- is great for canceling out redness, like blemishes, breakouts, rosacea, broken blood vessels, and even for people who get red rings around the eyes. 
Pink- on fair skin tones will cancel out purple under eye circles on fair skin.
Yellow- works on olive or tan skin and cancels out those purple-blue under eye circles and dark patches.
Orange- corrects very dark under eye circles for people with dark skin tones
Purple- eliminates any unwanted yellow undertones for people with a pasty, dull, yellow complexion.

Just by looking at a colour wheel- the colour you want to hide has to be corrected by a colour that is on the opposite side of the colour wheel to neutralises it.

Yellow >> Purple
Orange >> Blue
Purple >> Yellow
Green >> Pink
Pink >> Green

*There are also primers out there that have correcting colours in them like the Stila 'One Step Correct' and Smashbox 'Photo Finish' range.


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